The potential use of specific attenuation A for rainfall estimation has been already presented in Ryzhkov et al. (2014). In Diederich et al. (2014b) an in depth comparison of different rainfall retrievals is performed, i.e. rainfall estimates based on specific attenuation R(A) are compared to reflectivity based retrievals R(Z) and R(KDP) retrievals using specific differential phase KDP. For a period of five summer months, hourly and daily rainfall accumulations from the different rain estimators are compared to rain gauge measurements. The results demonstrate the best performance of R(A) complemented with R(Z) in segments with low differential phase shift. The second-best performance is obtained with R(KDP) combined with R(Z) at rain rates below 8 mm/h.
Figure 1: Maps of 4h rainfall accumulation at 1000-1300 UTC 22 June 2011. Shown are estimates based on attenuation corrected reflectivity from the (a) 0.5° elevation scan of JuxPol, (b) 1.5° elevation scan of BoXPol, and © 0.5° elevation scan of Offenthal radars; (d) - (f) the corresponding scans using rainfall estimates based on specific attenuation; and (g), (h) a composite of these scans composed of values measured at the lowest altitude at each pixel (see Figure 2 in Diederich 2015b).
Diederich, M., A. Ryzhkov, C. Simmer, P. Zhang, and S. Trömel, 2015a: Use of specific attenuation for rainfall measurement at X-band radar wavelengths - Part 1: Radar calibration and partial beam blockage estimation. J. Hydrometeor., 16, 487–502. doi:
Diederich, M., A. Ryzhkov, C. Simmer, P. Zhang, and S. Trömel, 2015b: Use of specific attenuation for rainfall measurement at X-band radar wavelengths - Part 2: Rainfall estimates and comparison with rain gauges. J. Hydrometeor., 16, 503–516. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1175/JHM-D-14-0067.1
Ryzhkov, A., M. Diederich, P. Zhang, and C. Simmer, 2014: Potential utilization of specific attenuation for rainfall estimation, mitigation of partial beam blockage, and radar networking. Journal of Atmospheric and Oceanic Technology, 31, 599-619
Trömel, S., M. Ziegert, A. Ryzhkov, C. Chwala, C. Simmer (2014): Using microwave backhaul links to optimize the performance of algorithms for rainfall estimation and attenuation correction. J. Atm. Ocean Tech., 31(8), 1748-1760.
Xie, X., R. Evaristo, C. Simmer, J. Handwerker, and S. Trömel, 2016: Precipitation and Microphysical Processes Observed by Three Polarimetric X-Band Radars during HOPE. Submitted to Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics.
Xie, Xinxin, R. Evaristo, S. Troemel, P. Saavedra, C. Simmer, A. Ryzhkov, 2015: Radar Observation of Evaporation and Implications for Quantitative Precipitation and Cooling Rate Estimation. Submitted to Journal of Hydrology.